# The 6-Minute Rule for Bitcoin Mining Code

Let us say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the imitation one, someone who took the trouble of looking at both of those invoices' serial numbers would see that they were exactly the same number, and thus one of them needed to be fictitious.

That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will get paid out.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to a numeric problem. This practice is also known as an evidence of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the hash.

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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a good index deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine , you need to have a high"hash speed," that is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The cards are those rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards into the metal pole.

Case in point I tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they simply must be the first person to guess any number that is less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.

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Let us say I am thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they've both theoretically arrived at workable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner who has done the most work, i.e.

The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .

Now imagine I pose the"figure what number I am thinking of" question, but I am not asking just 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I am asking millions of would-be miners and I'm thinking of a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely difficult to guess the right answer.

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you likely noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let us unpack the term"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.